A chimney is needed to vent the byproducts of combustion, such as carbon monoxide, out of the living space.
If you’ve recently purchased a gas fireplace and wondering Does a gas fireplace need a chimney? Are they really necessary for the gas fireplace?
WarmthPedia did some research to answer all your questions. In this WarmthPedia article, you’ll learn what is a gas fireplace, as well as a chimney.
Additionally, we’ll discuss if it’s really important for the gas fireplace, along with a few tips to make sure it’s safe to use and that everything works perfectly.
What is Gas Fireplace?
A gas fireplace is a heating appliance that uses propane or natural gas as a fuel source. It doesn’t produce any smoke, and instead of venting its waste gases up a chimney, it does so through a tube in the wall. It has air-flow channels that increase the amount of heat delivered to the home.
The fire itself burns behind glass doors, and the fireplace is made up of incombustible logs that cover gas vents. It produces heat that is both radiant and convection and gives off an environment similar to open fire.
What Is a Chimney?
A chimney is a type of architectural ventilation system made of masonry, clay, or metal that isolates hot, toxic exhaust gases or smoke from places where people live. These gases or smoke are produced by a boiler, stove, furnace, fireplace, or other similar devices.
A flue is technically any unobstructed vertical space in a chimney that allows smoke from the firebox to exit the house. But as the flue of every chimney must be lined, a chimney liner is also usually referred to as the flue.
Every fireplace, whether it burns wood or gas, has a flue. There are no chimneys or flues on gel and faux fireplaces.
Fireclay flue tile has traditionally been used to make chimney flues. In addition to clay tile, stainless steel flues are now used.
Advantages of Chimney Flue
WarmthPedia has collected some benefits of the chimney:
– It prevents combustion in surrounding areas.
– It aids in the passage of smoke and gasses.
– It protects chimney materials.
Types of Gas Fireplace
WarmthPedia has collected the most common types of gas fireplaces that you should know before asking “Does a gas fireplace need a chimney?”:
Typically, chimneys are vertical or as close to vertical as possible to ensure that the gases flow smoothly and draw air into the combustion.
- Natural Vent
- Gas Fireplace Inserts
- Stone and/ or Spheres
Does a Gas Fireplace Need a Chimney?
Wondering “Does a gas fireplace need a chimney?” WarmthPedia answer is “It depends!”.
Depending on the type you choose, a chimney may or may not be required for your gas fireplace. Different kinds of ventilation are needed for different types of fireplaces, or they might not need any at all.
1. Standard Gas Stove
A chimney or flue is typically required for a standard gas stove. You wouldn’t need to acquire a class 1 brick chimney because gas doesn’t produce any heavy smoke like a fireplace that burns wood would. But they can be put to use.
To help with ventilation, a class 2 prefabricated chimney will probably be required for your standard gas fireplace. You should receive information from the manufacturer on the required diameter of the chimney.
2. Balanced Flue Gas Fireplace
A balanced flue gas fireplace is something you might want to think about if you don’t have a chimney. Having an existing chimney is not necessary for these types of gas fireplaces.
Instead, you must install a special type of flue known as a balanced flue. While some balanced flue gas fireplace models will have the necessary components, others will require you to buy them separately.
A balanced flue is typically easy to install and can be passed horizontally through almost any external wall. You could still be able to fit a fireplace if you just have internal wall space to do it, but it will take more work.
3. Flueless Gas Stoves
The flueless gas fireplace is an additional type of gas fireplace that is readily available. This type of fireplace does not require a chimney or flue, as you could have guessed from the title.
This type of fireplace will have a catalytic converter that will transform the fumes into safe gasses instead of venting them down a chimney. Then they will slowly return to the space.
These fireplaces do require a few more things, though. There must be at least one other heat source in the room, such as a radiator, and a permanent air vent that is at least 1 meter away from the stove. Additionally, the room must include a window that may be opened to the outside.
Here’s a YouTube video that discusses everything you need to know about this issue.
Can You Install a Gas Fireplace without a Chimney?
If you have a Ventless gas fireplace or install a venting system, you can install a gas fireplace without a chimney. Generally, a direct vent system is recommended for gas fireplaces that require a vent. Direct vents can be mounted horizontally through a wall or vertically through the roof.
Most gas fireplaces rely on a venting system to ensure that carbon dioxide (and carbon monoxide) don’t enter the house and to help maintain home safety. Think about the venting system that would be most effective in your situation if you want to install a gas fireplace.
And here are some examples:
– You can just run the vent up the chimney if you have one.
– If you don’t have a chimney, you can install a pipe that directs the gases outside (either vertically or horizontally through the wall).
– If you don’t have a chimney and want to save money, another option is a Ventless gas fireplace.
Overall, a chimney is not necessary for gas fireplaces to work. If your home already has a chimney, you may connect the gas fireplace to it and direct the venting through it. You can use a gas fireplace without having to install a brand-new chimney.
Main Tips for Using a Chimney
Here are WarmthPedia instructions for installing the chimney:
– Make sure the chimney is big enough to vent the gas fireplace you want.
– Inspect and clean the chimney at least once a year.
– It’s usually best to look at alternative venting options for your gas fireplace, such as direct vents, if you don’t already have a chimney.
– Use a chimney cap to keep out snow, rain, and debris.
– Burn only dry, seasoned wood in your fireplace.
– Keep a fire extinguisher nearby in case of an emergency.
– Use a spark guard to prevent embers from escaping and potentially starting a fire.
WarmthPedia has answered your question “Does a Gas Fireplace Need a Chimney?” But most importantly, cleaning and maintaining the gas fireplace will help avoid fire and mold issues.
Still have any questions regarding does a gas fireplace need a chimney? Leave them in WarmthPedia comments box below and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible.